Polygamy in islam is one of the settlements of social problems in the community, especially to deal with problems that arise because of the large number of women than men. The bible is a book of true human history, and we observe man, warts and all, within its pages. If you fear that you cannot treat orphans with fairness, then you may marry such women. Having many wives is one of these legal things which islam encourages 26. The concept of polygamy and the prophets marriages polygamy.
Marriage and divorce in islam ahmad bello dogarawa, ahmadu bello university, zaria page 1 of 28 1. A formal, binding contract verbal or on paper is considered integral to a religiously valid islamic marriage, and outlines the rights and responsibilities of the groom and bride. Islamic law, that should the husband fail to provide enough support for any of his wives, she can go to court and ask for a divorce. Polygamy increased where there was a scarcity of males in the population first reason for birds. Polygamy and the nature of marriage in islam and the west. Islam, the concept of polygamy was radically redefined. When a woman is married to more than one husband at a time, it is called polyandry. Among all eastern nations of antiquity, polygamy was a recognized institution. What islam did was to organize polygamy, and restrict it to. Polygamy as a need in some cases polygamy becomes the dire need for a. Thisbook can be read with profit by all unprejudiced readers who wish to know its justification and rationale. An introduction to polygamy in islam the religion of islam. Compendium of definitions and concepts definition of polygamy polygamy comes from the greek polis which means many and deer referring to marriage, is a marital relationship with more than two individuals, is accepted in many cultures and religions.
This is one of just a couple books in english on the both widespread and controversial culture of polygamy in islam. There is always the conditionan inescapable onethat whatever the society, the women should outnumber the men. The family is the basic unit of an islamic nation or society. This website is for people of various faiths who seek to understand islam and muslims. Islamic defense of polygamy muslims claim that the reason why allah allowed men to marry four wives is that men are killed in battle, thus resulting in women being in more numbers more than men. A short text that discusses the concept of polygamy specifically polygyny in islam. Afterwards, it shows the legality and conditions of this system, and rights and duties of marriage partners under it. Polygamy was the practice of jews, christians, buddhist, and preislamic arabs, perhaps others as well. Polygamy called plural marriage by mormons in the 19th century or the principle by modern fundamentalist practitioners of polygamy was practiced by leaders of the church of jesus christ of latterday saints lds church for more than half of the 19th century, and practiced publicly from 1852 to 1890 by between 20 and 30 percent of latterday saint families. Groups representing british muslims discuss polygamy, a practice that can leave some women without support or marital rights.
Limited polygyny is a provision approved by islam for exceptional circumstances only. Polygyny in islam has surfaced in music around the world and across the decades. Polygamy was well known amongst pagan arab tribes prior to the advent of islam but there was no limitation for the number of wives, like in the cases of some of the prophets mentioned above. In fact, islam is the only religion that limited this ancient and widespread practice. Countries having a heavy infectious disease load had many more polygamous marriages second. Islamic marriage lays rights and corresponding responsibilities on each spouse. Instead of divorcing a sick or infertile wife, islam permits a man to marry another woman while taking care of the first if she chooses to stay with him. On the one hand people assume that muslims suppress their wives, which is also a result of the polygamy, islam allows. Islam permits limited polygyny while prohibiting polyandry completely.
Polygamy was the practice of jews, christians, buddhist, and pre islamic arabs, perhaps others as well. To be honest, islam was the first religion that had the courage to tackle the issue of polygamy and limit the number of wives one can have. It shows that muslims are not the first nation which encourages this system but there were many nations such as the ancient christians support this behavior. Concept of management in islam an alternative approach to. Tapestry against polygamy, composed of former plural wives, are countered by defenders of polygyny such as the women who wrote harmony of polygamy. In 1956, tunisia has attained the status of an independent nation and later, in 1957, became a republic. Concept of management in islam an alternative approach to management studies of contemporary times sekh raunak mondal abstract henry fayol was a managing director of a large coal mining farm. Polygamy and islam polygamy and islam 5 one point greatly in need of clarification is the fact that in the matter of marrying more than one woman, the initiative does not lie solely with any individual man. The book polygamy in islam answers the critics in a beautiful manner. Allah the creator of the whole universe made mats of everything in this universe. Islam limits the number of wives allowed to four, and also discourages the practice. The ambiguity of the islam the islam has always been a misunderstood topic for the majority of germans.
The concept of polygamy and the prophets marriages october, 9th 2015 comments 3055 views since 911, we have observed that certain groups have tried to capitalize on that tragedy by attacking islam from all sides unfortunately, even some christian tv channels have joined in this islam bashing and are trying to tarnish the image of islam and th. The following are a few points worth of consideration in an effort to clarify the wisdom of polygamy and when it can be used. Pdf the mostly muslim nation of malaysia has always walked a fine. Marriage in islam is a civil contract which is not valid unless both contracting parties consent to it. Download islamic books on marriage including fiqh of love marriage in islam, fiqh of marriage in the light of the quran and sunnah, the ingredients for a happy marriage, ettiquettes of marriage, marriage and what people say, polygamy in islam, polygamy. Islam and polygamy introduction in malaysia, ever since the law reform marriage and divorce act 1976 was enforced in 1982, banning polygamy for nonmuslims, polygamy has increasingly come to be associated with islam. Islam is often criticized because of the polygamy that it allows.
Islam is criticized for allowing polygamy, for popular culture in the west views polygamy as relatively backward and impoverished. Apr 15, 2017 polygamy in islam the rationale and laws behind. Previous teachings permitted unlimited and unrestricted polygamy. Different types of marriage in islam objectives as a result of this lesson, students will be able to. Islam, itself, that plays a great part in the saddening of polygamy in so long a letter. Different types of marriage in islam university center for. He knew that polygamy hurt women, yet through his example he permitted it for billions of other muslim men.
For instance, in malaysia in the 1950s and 60s, the famous entertainer p. Unlike judaism, christianity and perhaps other religions as well, islam deals with the issue. A book helps in explaining the concept of polygamy in islam. An interpretation of chapter 112 which revolve around the concept of god in islam. The teachings of islam, including polygamy, conform to human nature. A few years ago, swedens center party, one of the four parties in the centerright governing coalition at the time, proposed legalizing polygamy. Definition of polygamy polygamy means a system of marriage wherein one person has more than one spouse. Islamic concept of polygamy, its benefits and impact on society janas khani muhammad zahoorii abstract allah the creator of the whole universe made mats of everything in this universe. Polygamy and muslim women in contemporary indonesian literature. Islam limited the number of wives to four16 under certain conditions and introduced monogamy as an.
Polygamy, which is defined as the practice of having more than one spouse, is a common, and widespread, socially as well as culturally accepted phenomenon in many african countries 1,2. Polygamy is a complicated aspect of marriage in islam in which the welfare of the community supersedes the desires of the individual woman. Islamic concept of polygamy, its benefits and impact on society. Polygamy has been cited as a possible contributor to africas low savings rates tertilt, 2005, widespread incidence of hiv brahmbhatt et al. Islamic concept of polygamy, its benefits and impact on. A most common argument is that it favours muslim women better to share a husband rather than accepting a living of spinsterhood. Some of the material in this chapter has been previously published in the article the question of polygamy in islam, muslim education quarterly, the islamic academy, cambridge, 1991, reproduced by kind permission of the publisher. He also revealed his laws for family which starts from a. With the advent of islam, the islamic law condoned polygamy but a man was limited to only four wives, and specific rules regulated these marriages. Having more than one wife, is a matter of pride for men. Suddenly, seventy homes in medina were bereft of all male members, and the question arose as to how all these widows and orphans were to be cared for. Marriage, divorce and remarrige halala in islam by.
For many christians, polygamy is a permitted debauchery, for feminists violation of. From latin polygamia, polygamy is the state or quality of polygamous. Polygamy in history islam did not invent the system of polygamy. As the subtitle suggests it aims at describing the historical background, arguing for instance that early christians were polygamous, and legal practices as used throughout the. Pdf this article aims to overview some hadiths concerning justice and equality among wives in.
In islam, the ideal marriage is the monogamous form of marriage. If a marriage includes multiple husbands and wives, it can be called a group marriage. Historical background of islamic family law reform in tunisia tunisia is a muslim arab country located in the maghreb region. Islam has given permission for increasing many legal things like, property, business, means of travelling, dress etc. The concept of polygamy and the prophets marriages. For many christians, polygamy is a permitted debauchery, for feminists violation of womens rights and belittling her dignity. Nowadays, polygamy is usually viewed as a right that man has but should not take, or as a law that is outmoded and in need of being abolished. The doctrine of polygamy page 3in scripture does not condone polygamy or the other sins. There was, as among the ancient babylonians, assyrians, and persians, no restriction as to the number of wives a man might have. Among the hindus, polygamy prevailed from the earliest times. A case study in malaysia article pdf available in procedia social and behavioral sciences 114. Pdf this article aims to overview some hadiths concerning justice and equality among. Besides, a woman may stipulate that her husband must not marry any other woman as a second wife in her prenuptial contract. I am particularly grateful to muhammad zafrullah khan for writing a treatise on a subject so misunderstood by the west.
Polygamy and its impact on the upbringing of children. The bible says that lamech, the grandson of adam, took unto him two wives. Jamal badawi examines polygamy in the muslim, jewish and christian traditions. In fact, polygamy came into existence even before islam. One is polygyny where a man marries more than one woman, and the other is polyandry, where a woman marries more than one man. Ramlee dealt with many sociopolitical issues in his art. Jamal badawi examines polygamy in the muslim, jewish and christian. In the context of wartorn society in seventhcentury arabia, one which left many women widowed and children orphaned, the discussion of polygamy was revealed as part of a directive to treat female orphans justly. It was authorized by various religions, and practiced before islam and for many centuries from then on. Under the constitution of tunisia islam is the state. Polygamy plurality of wives is one of the controversial questions in the family system of islam.
Reasons why islam permits polygamy the religion of islam. Both the groom and the bride are to consent to the marriage of their own free wills. The so called secular and western global domination has maligned the subject to the extent that its impact is felt worldwide. It existed long before islam came into the scene of world events. For obtaining these objectives, islamic law has permitted a man to marry four women at a time. Lessons from islamic polygamy washington and lee law. It is obvious that the association of polygamy with islam is not unfair or biased but based on serious misunderstanding.
When a man is married to more than one wife at a time, sociologists call this polygyny. Polygamy is the muslim practice most frequently and severely maligned by westerners and modernist muslims. Polygamy in islam is a favourite topic for the critics of islam. Some of those forms include multiparty common law marriages and marriages coupled with extramarital common law unions. Whereas the rest of the music industry was under the outside influence of latin america, india, and the united states, ramlees music. A historical background stephanie coontz professor of history and family studies the evergreen state college director of research and public education council on contemporary families the new hbo television show, big love, has led many people to contact the council on contemporary families for background on polygamy.
He also revealed his laws for family which starts from a man and woman. Introduction like judaism and christianity, islam does not provide an explicit prohibition of polygamy. Since it is obvious that god has allowed polygamy in the past, why cant we get some of that. The islamic revival in malaysia has been defined by what is.
Polygamy and islam polygamy and islam 4 this verse was revealed after the battle of uhud shawwal 3 a. Women and the question of polygamy in islam springerlink. The holy quran, as the word of allah, commands not to despise one another. A polygamist is the one who is married or who maintains simultaneous relationships with various people of the opposite sex. Also, marriage and polygamy in islam is a matter of mutual consent. Regardless of it not being acceptable for the husband of muhammads daughter, islam allows a man to marry up to four wives at any one time. Polygamy in islam the rationale and laws behind pdf. Polygamy is an alternative to divorce in case of some marital problems. Oct 03, 2018 w ajiran polygamy and muslim women in contemporary indonesian literature uncritically without regard to modern interpretations of the quran and the hadith sunna that teach about.
Introduction marriage has been ordained by allah as the correct and legal way to produce children and replenish the earth. Polygamy, or comarriage to multiple wives, is discussed in the quran as a response to a specific social situation. It lays out the historical perspective on polygamy, underlining the cases of. Polygamy existed in varying degrees in different parts of the world, in diverse cultures before the spread of islam. Download book polygamy in islam pdf noor book for download.
The culture of the west regards polygamy as something backward, unacceptable in our day. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, certain attempts have been made intending to control the abuse of polygamy among the muslims. It contains a lot of brief, yet informative articles about different aspects of islam. Hinduism allows men to have multiple wives, and the father of lord rama had three wives, whereas lord krishna had over a hundred. In islam, limited polygyny is permitted and polyandry is completely prohibited. Definition of polygamy polygamy means a system of marriage whereby one person has more than one spouse. Apr 09, 2011 we use your linkedin profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Although islam did impart the african life when it came, it will be wrong to hold islam absolutely responsible for all the problems polygamy creates.1008 1486 142 1155 924 371 657 1502 1073 268 836 919 1561 217 15 214 1187 1419 93 1451 356 615 1449 1181 204 256 764 226 1203 137 381 788 184